MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.’S PRINCIPLES OF NONVIOLENCE

1. Nonviolence is a way of life for courageous people. • It is active nonviolent resistance to evil. • It is assertive spiritually, mentally, and emotionally. • It is always persuading the opponent of the justice of your cause. 2. Nonviolence seeks to win friendship and understanding. • The end result of nonviolence is redemption and reconciliation. • The purpose of nonviolence is the creation of the Beloved Community. 3. Nonviolence seeks to defeat injustice, not people. • Nonviolence holds that evildoers are also victims. 4. Nonviolence holds that voluntary suffering can educate and transform. • Nonviolence willingly accepts the consequences of its acts. • Nonviolence accepts suffering without retaliation. • Nonviolence accepts violence if necessary, but will never inflict it. • Unearned suffering is redemptive and has tremendous educational and transforming possibilities. • Suffering can have the power to convert the enemy when reason fails. 5. Nonviolence chooses love instead of hate. • Nonviolence resists violence of the spirit as well as of the body. • Nonviolent love gives willingly, knowing that the return might be hostility. • Nonviolent love is active, not passive. • Nonviolent love does not sink to the level of the hater. • Love for the enemy is how we demonstrate love for ourselves. • Love restores community and resists injustice. • Nonviolence recognizes the fact that all life is interrelated. 6. Nonviolence believes that the universe is on the side of justice. • The nonviolent resister has deep faith that justice will eventually win.